Suklaphanta is known as the habitat of one of the rarest animal Swamp Deer in the world. But In recent year the number of tigers is increasing due to adequate food for tigers and control of poaching in Suklaphanta National Park, which covers an area of 305 square kilometers.
Chief Conservation Officer of Shuklaphanta National Park Laxman Poudyal said that a tiger covers an area of at least 40 square kilometers. “In terms of area, Shuklaphanta has more tigers than ever before,” said Poudyal, chief conservation officer. “It’s also a good habitat for tigers.”
He said that one-third of the total area in Shuklaphanta, which is connected to the Chure Hills, has grasslands, lakes and abundant food species for tigers. “The park administration, the security forces including the Nepal Army, the consumers and the youth committees of the intermediate zone have also made a great contribution to the protection,” Poudyal said. “There is no poaching.”
According to Poudyal, a tiger hoarding board was unveiled at Shuklaphanta National Park on the occasion of World Tiger Day on Wednesday. According to the 2013 census, the number of tigers in Shuklaphanta National Park, which has 17 tigers, has decreased by one. Although there are human settlements around the park, there is no conflict between tigers and humans, according to the park office.
Devi Dal Gana of the Nepal Army has been deployed around Shuklaphanta to reduce poaching. According to the park, the main habitat of tigers is Shuklaphanta, even though tigers roam in the forests including the border of Laljhadi, Brahmadev and Dadeldhura districts.
Shuklaphanta is a small choice for foreign tourists visiting Nepal from India through Gaddachauki, the western border point. According to the Immigration Office at Gaddachauki, most of the tourists coming from here go to Bardiya, Pokhara and other areas. The government has announced to double the number of tigers by 2022. According to the 2018 census, there are currently 235 tigers in Nepal.
Similarly, Shuklaphanta National Park has stated that the number of tourists visiting Shuklaphanta National Park has decreased during the tourist season. According to Chief Conservation Officer Poudyal, only 1,775 tourists have visited Shuklaphanta in the last fiscal year.
In the previous fiscal year, 6,069 tourists had visited Shuklaphanta. “Tourist arrivals have been severely curtailed due to the shutdown,” he said. The best time to visit Shuklaphanta is from February to May.
Similarly, the park has collected more than Rs 10 million in revenue last fiscal year. Similarly, artificial lakes have been constructed, roads have been improved and natural lakes have been cleaned to quench the thirst of wild animals in different areas of the park, said Poudyal.
Tigers have been counted and monitored annually in Shuklaphanta since 2008 using automatic camera technology. Earlier, tiger statistics were collected by collecting tiger footprints and defecation. According to statistics, the density of food species in Shuklaphanta is 78.62 per square kilometer.
Similarly, three of the eight species of tigers, Bali, Caspian and Java, have become extinct due to human activities. The condition of the remaining five species, Amur, Sumatra, South China, Indo-Chinese and Royal Bengal (Patebagh) is also deplorable, according to data from various organizations working in the field of wildlife conservation.
The five endangered species are confined to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, China, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.