Mount Everest expeditions from Nepal

The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest. Its peak rises to 8,848 m (29,028 ft 9 in) – the highest point in the world. It is situated in Nepal.

First known as Peak XV, it was discovered to be the world’s highest mountain in 1856 by the Survey Department of the Government of India, from theodolite readings taken in 1849 and 1850. Its height was calculated to be 8,840m 29,002ft.

The mountain was named after Col. Sir George Everest (UK), who was the Surveyor-General of India from 1830 to 1843, and who, in fact, pronounced his name ‘Eve-rest’ as opposed to ‘Ever-est’. Mount Everest is also known by the Tibetan name Chomolungma (Goddess Mother of the World) and by the Nepali name Sagarmatha (Forehead in the Sky).

Mt. Everest

Mount Everest is still the ultimate mountaineering adventure. It is also one of the most accessible big mountains in the world, bringing hundreds of climbers and thousands to its base camp in a typical season. They spend weeks getting their gear, adjusting to the altitude and simply waiting for good weather.

Here’s what you need to know if you are thinking of Everest expeditions.
Mount Everest sits right at the border between Nepal and Tibet. There are many possible routes, but the majority of Everest climbers usually choose between two — the south route in Nepal and the north route in Tibet.
Most trekking companies operate in Nepal, as climbing in Tibet has become more expensive and more controlled in recent years.
Those climbing on the south route fly into Nepal’s capital of Kathmandu, then fly on to the village of Lukla, where travelers begin hiking to the Everest base camp.

Most climb Everest from the Nepal side. From Kathmandu, Nepal’s bustling capital, mountaineers take a short flight to Lukla, then trek about 10 days to Everest Base Camp (17,598 feet). Most will spend weeks there in the spring, acclimating to the altitude with rest and day hikes, waiting for the route to Everest’s summit to open in May.

Also read: The World’s Most Dangerous Airport: LUKLA

Lukla Airport
Lukla Airport

Best Time for Mount Everest Expeditions

Most mountaineers attempt to ascend the world’s tallest peak in May. There’s a brief window of time, usually after May 15 when temperatures are warmer and the high-altitude winds known as the jet stream have moved away from the mountains.

It’s also right before monsoon season. Climbers usually try to avoid visiting the Everest region if there’s frequent rainfall, as it can make the trail conditions slippery and dangerous.
Time to climb Mt Everest depends upon external factors i.e weather conditions. You may have to halt for extra days because of unfavorable weather conditions. Also, sometimes your body does not respond well to the increasing altitude and thus cannot move further and thus you might have to spend additional days/weeks resting.
Having good weather is crucial for climbers.

How long does it take for Everest expeditions?

It takes about 60 days for Mt. Everest expeditions. But Due to weather, It may take up to 90 days also for expeditions.
Everest expeditions- South route
The south route in Nepal 

Base Camp (5,380 m)

The trek to base camp begins with the flight to Lukla which is a week-long trek. You will spend 7 to 10 days before you crash on the Base Camp of Everest.

Camp 1 (6065m)

After the tough climb of Khumbu icefall, you will crash at Camp 1. The place is rather daunting and plain and a good place for resting.

Camp 2 (6750m)

Camp 2 at the foot of the mountain Lhotse is a safe and sheltered location. It’s the place used by companies to set their main climbing camp and also the main acclimatization camp.

Camp 3 (7100m)

Camp 3 on a small ledge of the Lhotse wall is the “calm before storm” point. The Lhotse wall needs to be climbed with ropes after acclimatization.

Camp 4 (7920)

This is the last camp at 7920m above sea level. If you have sound health, you can access camp 4 without supplementary oxygen.

Summit

This is your full and final mission of the climb. The summit in the southwest ridge is steep and snowy. To ensure climbers’ safety, the entire route is marked with fixed ropes.

In spite of hundreds of risks involved, the pleasure to climb Everest is worth it. The 2 months of climb ( it may extend to 3 months) is definitely going to be the best memory of your life. But it is important that you return back safe and sound, otherwise, it is gonna be the worst nightmare.

The area above 8,000 meters (about 26,000 feet), from Camp 4 to the summit, is called the “death zone,” because of its thin air and brutal weather. With gains in altitude, each breath draws less oxygen for the lungs and bloodstream, which is why most climbers, including guides, use supplemental oxygen.

Everest climbing

How much does it cost?

Going to Everest can be more expensive for you. Climbers can pay anything from $35,000 to more than $100,000.
The cost includes $11,000 for the climbing permit from the government of Nepal or Tibet, bottled oxygen, and high-altitude gear that includes tents, sleeping bags, and boots.
It also covers medical care, food and support from Sherpa guides and bottled oxygen for them, which is mandatory for every foreign climber.

Most famously, as depicted in popular culture, climbers die from exposure to the elements — the subfreezing temperatures and the high altitude, especially after running out of supplemental oxygen and getting caught in sudden storms. But many climbers die from falls and avalanches, and others from health problems like heart attacks. Increasingly, climbers worry about the role of the crowds on Everest, where routes can be jammed with people desperate to reach the summit. More than 20 years after it was published, Jon Krakauer’s “Into Thin Air” remains the cautionary tale.

 

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