Krishnasar Conservation Area is a protected area for the major purpose of protecting the endangered blackbuck. Krishnasaar Conservation Area was declared in 2009 covering an area of 16.95 sq. km in Bardia district of the province 5.
This is the first organized effort to conserve the endangered Blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra). Blackbuck is one of the protected species under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 and enlisted as endangered and listed under Appendix II of CITES.
Blackbuck is primarily a grazer and prefers flat to slightly undulating terrain. The population in Khairapur was gone down to 9 in 1975 and due to persistent conservation efforts, the population reached up to 177 in 1990. Then again the population has declined gradually due to habitat loss and degradation and anthropogenic interferences. Now, the population of Blackbuck in Krishnasaar Conservation Area is more than 200. To protect the species, a guard post was established on-site in 1975.
What is Blackbuck
The blackbuck is an antelope found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. The blackbuck is the sole extant member of the genus Antilope. The species was described and given its binomial name by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758.
Krishnasar Conservation Area is located in Gulariya Municipality of Bardiya District in Province 5. It is in the western lowlands of Nepal.
The Area has three distinct seasons, winter, summer, and monsoon. Form October through early April, the weather is dry. The days are warm and the nights are cool and pleasant. From April to June the temperatures gradually rise up with a peak temperature up to 45 0c in May. The hot sticky days give way to the monsoon rains in July that last until September.
Wildlife and vegetation
There are two types of forests in this area, Natural and Planted forests. The natural forest is dominated by Simal-Khair (Nombax ceiba-Acacia catechu) and the planted forest is dominated by Sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo). 109 species of plants are found in the blackbuck habitat.
Furthermore, there are fourteen species of mammal, twelve species of reptiles, and sixty-four species of bird in the area.
How to Reach There
Located in the Terai region of Nepal one can easily reach the conservation area. One can take a flight to Nepalgunj. From there one can easily reach. Also, it is accessible by bus from the major cities of Nepal up to Nepalgunj and then take a local vehicle to conservation Area.